There are a variety of types of Ethernet cables:
A straight-through cable (also called a patch cable) is a twisted pair cable used in LANs to connect different types of devices (e.g., connecting a computer to a router). In other words, this is the original Ethernet cable.
Crossover cables are an offshoot of the original Ethernet cables.
A crossover cable is a type of cable installation that is used for the interconnection of two similar devices. [such as two computers or two switches]. It is enabled by reversing the transmission and receiving pins at both ends so that output from one computer becomes input to the other, and vice versa.
A solid Ethernet cable has a single rigid copper core for each of its eight conductors. These cables are inflexible and unmovable and are designed to be used in structured set-ups. They are generally used in business networks, offer slightly better performance, and are cheaper than stranded Ethernet cables.
Stranded Ethernet Cables
Stranded Ethernet cables have several small strands of wire that are twisted together to form a single conductor. As a result, these cables are flexible, which makes them less likely to break. As a result, the cables are best suited for home use.